In 1Corinthians, St Paul’s guiding principles for Christian morality, charity, liberty and unity are derived from COMMANDS (7:10) CONCESSIONS (7:6) COUNSELS (7:12).

COMMANDS require unity and compliance,

CONCESSIONS require liberty and consideration, and

COUNSELS require charity and consecration.

“In essentials (commands) unity, in nonessentials (concessions) liberty, in all things (counsels) charity.” 

But should we determine essential and nonessentials arbitrarily or biblically? Biblically of course!

Essentials and Nonessentials should be determined by what the Bible reveals or says is mandatory or optional. Thank God for almost uniform consensus derived from the Scriptures and summarised in the Nicene Creed as essentials for Christian faith and eternal salvation.

Whatsoever the Bible presents as absolutes and mandatory should be taken as “essentials”. For instance in paraphrase “Thou shall not commit adultery/fornication”. Or “no one comes to the father except by Christ”.

Whatsoever the Bible presents as alternatives or optional should be taken as “nonessentials”. For instance in paraphrase: “Thou may or may not marry as the situations demand”. Or “circumcision or uncircumcision does not enhance or diminish our standing with God”.


Ordained Gospel Minister and practicing Physician
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